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Last modified: March 02, 2004

Cathedral City on the Border

Carlisle on the M6 Motorway at the North end of Cumbria on the Scottish Border is a historic City, worthy of a visit at anytime of the year and perfectly located for a restful few hours or stopover while en-route North or South.

The Cities name comes from the Carvel Cross (Carlisle) which stood in the town acting as a central meeting place, from which Bonnie Prince Charlie made his proclamation claiming the throne for his father. Also in the centre is Redness Hall now the Guildhall  a three storey Wood framed building originating in the 15th century now used as a Museum.

In the grounds of St Cuthbert’s Church is a 15th century Tithe Barn and the Sallyport Stairs which was a secret entrance in the west wall of the city latterly used for smuggling past the city Gate Toll Booths.

The City walls were built in the 12th century and offer a view of many historic points around the city such as Dixon's Factory Chimney which stands 300 ft (90m) high which is next to the Linton Weaving Mill and the Old Brewery now converted into Accommodation for the University.

During the First World War in 1916 the Brewery and all the Public Houses were acquired by the government to control the excessive drunkenness of the munitions workers that worked in the weapon’s factories at Gretna.

Carlisle Castle is a Medieval Fortress of Red stone built by William II after bring to an end 200 years of Scottish Rule in 1092, which was followed by centuries of conflict during which it changed hand again twice.

The Tullie House is a Jacobean structure now used as a Museum and Art Gallery, not forgetting Carlisle’s Cathedral founded in 1122 with its many stained glass windows. All can be seen on a short walk from the  car park below the Castle in the centre of the city, just a few minutes from the  hustle of the M6 Motorway.

The Archbishops Curse

Over 500 years ago the Borders and Roman Wall region was repeatedly pillaged by the notorious Border Reivers, who were both English & Scottish sheep rustling family tribes who were continually feuding with each other.

They had only one thing in common which was the knowledge that the Monasteries were easy targets and hence were repeatedly attacked and robbed of their riches.

The then Archbishop of Carlisle placed a curse on the Reivers which he read out to his congregation.  The vivid verse has been inscribed on a 7 foot high stone which is on display at the Tullie House in Carlisle.

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Self Catering at Castle Carrock near Brampton

 

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